Efs Notes

John Huckle


EFS notes 

Education for Sustainability: 
some suggested learning outcomes


  • of bio-physical systems, their potentials and limits; 
  • of the technologies societies use to necessarily 'exploit' these bio-physical systems and the environments (land uses) they create in the process; 
  • of the economic systems that shape investment in appropriate or inappropriate technologies and allocate the costs and benefits of the social use of bio-physical systems; 
  • of the political systems (local, national, regional, and international) which regulate the social use of bio-physical systems and the environment (environmental and land use planning); 
  • of social systems (the economic, political, civil and private spheres of people’s lives) which embrace the interests, power and strategies of different groups: 
  • of the cultural systems (technologies, beliefs and values), that shape and are shaped by these different spheres of life, and help or hinder people in understanding their environmental predicament; 
  • of alternative forms of technology, economics, politics, society and culture, which may allow societies to live in ways which are more ecologically, economically, socially, culturally and personally sustainable; 
  • of social and political movements and the strategies they adopt to realize such alternatives.


  • communication, numeracy, study, problem solving, personal and social, IT, reasoning skills: 
  • the technological, economic, political, social and psychological skills needed to live more sustainably. 

Attitudes and values 

  • a commitment to the well being of human beings and other living things; 
  • a commitment to human rights, social justice and critical and participatory democracy; 
  • a commitment to tolerance, rationality and open mindedness; 
  • a commitment to work with others to bring about more sustainable futures. 

Education for sustainability seeks to develop informed, active and critical citizens who are able to balance their rights to a clean, safe and fulfilling environment with their responsibilities to present and future generations and to other species. Such citizens should have a theoretical and practical understanding of their rights and responsibilities as citizens across a number of domains (economic, political, cultural, environmental) at all scales from the local to the global (local, national, European, global).